South African Municipal Elections
The Municipal Elections serve to select representatives and political parties in the Municipal Councils. South Africa has three spheres of Government (National, Provincial and Local Governments), and the Local/Municipal Councillors are responsible for community development and service delivery at the local level.
Why Are Municipal Elections Important?
Locally elected councillors are elected based on their closeness to the populace in their communities. This closeness is supposed to translate to them understanding the needs of their constituencies, and they are tasked with the responsibilities to develop and support their communities, and to provide services like electricity, water, sanitation, transport and refuse removal.
How Do Local Governments Work?
There are three types of Municipalities: Metropolitan Council Municipalities, Local Council Municipalities and District Council Municipalities. Metros are in cities and high population density areas (e.g. Tswhane, eThekwini, Cape Town, Mangaung, etc). Local Council Municipalities are areas outside the 8 Metros, and smaller cities and towns. District Council Municipalities are made up of four to six local municipalities.
How Are You Represented?
Local Municipalities: Three Ballots are cast – Yellow for a rep party on the Local Council, Grey and White for a “person” (from a party or independent) to represent a Ward on the Council. Green for a party rep on the District Council.
Metro: Two Ballots are cast – Yellow for a rep party on the Metropolitan Council, and Grey and White for a “person” (from a party or independent) to represent a Ward on the Metropolitan Council.